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Science research on Acupuncture and Women's Health: Influence on Fertility, Menstrual Cycle, and Hormonal Balance

Introduction: Acupuncture, a key component of traditional Chinese medicine, has been increasingly recognized for its potential benefits in women's health, particularly concerning menstrual cycles, fertility, and hormonal balance. This article explores the scientific evidence supporting the role of acupuncture in these areas.


  1. Acupuncture and Fertility: Acupuncture may impact female fertility, particularly through its effects on endogenous opioids in the central nervous system like beta-endorphin, which influence gonadotropin secretion and potentially the menstrual cycle. Clinical studies, although limited, indicate its potential in enhancing fertility and assisting in IVF treatments (Chang, Chung, & Rosenwaks, 2002).

  2. Acupuncture in PCOS and Ovulation Induction: For women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), acupuncture has been shown to improve menstrual frequency and decrease circulating testosterone, thus affecting ovulation frequency. The treatment has been linked to changes in LH and sex steroid secretion (Johansson et al., 2013).

  3. Acupuncture for Menstrual Irregularities: The combination of acupuncture with herbal remedies like pomegranate peel and ginger has shown positive changes in menstrual cycles for patients with irregular menstruation, bringing cycles closer to the normal range (Dimyati, Suhariningsih, & Fatimah, 2020).

  4. Influence on Hormonal Levels: Electroacupuncture has been observed to modulate reproductive hormone levels in women with diminished ovarian reserve, indicating its potential role in improving ovarian reserve and associated hormonal imbalances (Wang et al., 2016).

  5. Premature Ovarian Failure: Acupuncture has shown promise in treating women with premature ovarian failure (POF), indicating potential effects on serum FSH, E2, LH levels, and menstrual cycle restoration (Chen et al., 2014).

Conclusion: Acupuncture, with its holistic approach and minimal side effects, offers a promising alternative or complement to conventional treatments for women's reproductive health issues. Its potential in regulating menstrual cycles, enhancing fertility, and balancing hormones is supported by emerging scientific evidence, though further research is needed for more definitive conclusions.

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